Myomectomy is a surgical procedure to remove fibroids (round-shaped growths), from the uterus. If the procedure is performed using minimally invasive technique or laparoscope, then it termed as Laparoscopic Myomectomy.
Myomectomy is a surgical procedure to remove fibroids (round-shaped growths), from uterus. Fibroids are non-cancerous growths in the uterus.
It is the best surgical procedure for those women who want to conceive, but are unable to because of fibroid symptoms. However, this surgery can increase chances of pregnancy, but cannot guarantee it.
There are 3 techniques to perform the procedure, viz.
Laparotomy or Abdominal Myomectomy
Myomectomy is recommended when:
Pressure or pain in the uterus which is not eased down even after treatment with medicine.
Growth of fibroid that has changed the uterus wall that can lead to repeated miscarriages and give rise to infertility problem.
The doctor will recommend the following
Avoid lifting heavy objects, rigorous exercise and climbing stairs
Avoid using tampons and sexual intercourse.
Fasting for 8 to 10 hours prior to surgery.
The procedure is performed under general or spinal anesthesia depending on the size, number and location of the fibroids. During the procedure
Firstly, the surgeon will make one or more incision near the navel.
A thin tube fitted with camera (laparoscope) will be inserted in the abdomen and the uterus is accessed.
Fibroids are located and cut into smaller pieces, and removed.
In most cases, the patient can go home on the same day.
Vaginal bleeding and spotting for a few weeks after the surgery can be expected. Typical recovery period is 2 weeks, after which the patient can resume get back to routine activities. However, the doctor will recommed against lifting heavy objects, driving, climing stairs, jumping or any other strenuous activity for 3 to 4 weeks.
Risk and Complications
Myomectomy is a relatively safe procedure. However, some complications may arise:
Heavy loss of blood. If bleeding is uncontrollable, then the surgeon may recommend removal of uterus.
Complications in childbirth
The surgery may cost from 1,50,000 to 4,00,000 INR in trusted Indian hospitals.
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Disclaimer - Results may vary from person to person.
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